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US Congress
04.12.2013, 22:17
US Congress 


The United States of America is a federal republic consisting  of

50  states. Each  of  which  has  its  own   goverment    ("state

goverment"). In some ways the United  States  is  like  50  small

countries. Each state has its own governor, its  own  police  and

its own laws. The present constitution was proclaimed in 1787  in

Philadelphia, the President is the head of the whole country  and

the goverment and "commandering chief" of the  armed  forces.  He

makes the most important decisions and chooses the ministers, the

members of his cabinet. But the President cannot do just what  he

wants. The Congress must agree  first.  Americans  choose  a  new

president every four years. The residence of the President is the

White House in Washington, the Capital city. The goverment of the

whole country (the Federal goverment) works from Washington, this

is where the Congress is based. The Capitol is the seat of the US

Congress. Congress is the American parliament which consists of 2

chambers. The Senate and the House of Representatives. The  first

Congress met in 1789  in  New  York  city.  The  membership  then

consisted of 22 senators and 59 representatives. Today the  House

of Representatives has 435 members. Elections to the  house  take

place every 2 years. There are 100 senators (2 from each  state),

they are elected to serve for a period of six  years,  but  every

two years elections to the senate took place  when  one/third  of

its members must be changed or re-elected. Election day is always

in the month of November, on the first Tuesday, after  the  first

Monday. Americans who aren't yet 25 years old have no right to be

elected to the House of Representatives. Whose, who are under  30

can't be elected in the Senate. The main political parties in the

United States  of  America  are  the  Democratic  Party  and  the

Republlican Party.
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